John ‘ s wort ‘ (the plant of St. John)
John ' s wort ' (the plant of St. John)
At present, we focus on a medicinal plant useful for double wounds, on the one hand, for any external damage to the skin, and on the other for the “wounds of the nerve,” for modulation of the nervous system with predominant effect of calming and mood improving.
History and features
His English name “St. John ‘ s wort ‘ (the plant of St. John) relates to the tradition of its collection at the saint. Jan, 24. but the true origin of the label is only supposed to be (whether based on a legend by which it grew out of the blood of St. John the Baptist, or was named after the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, often using the Yiddish for the treatment of wounded crusades). The name of the genus “Hypericum” comes from the Greek words “hyper” (above, above) and “eikon”, following the tradition of his hanging over the religious images in the house for the discouragement of evil during the day of St. John. The generic name “Perforatum” refers to the presence of small transparent oil glands in leaves that can be seen when viewing against light. Its use extends to ancient Greece when Dioskorides (a botanist, physician, 40-90 BC) recommended it outside for the treatment of burns, internally for the treatment of sciatica, repeated fever (malaria). At present, the Slovene is one of the best-selling natural products in the US (as an antidepressant, for an interest with an annual turnover of $ 550 million).
There are around 400 species within the genus Hypericum enlarged globally, therefore it is necessary to distinguish the plant from other species by characteristic dots on the leaves (white) and on the edge of the florets (black) and the cross section of the stem (round to slightly flattened, i.e. not A square belonging to an abundantly extended type of H. vulgaris). A confirmatory feature of the species is also red silk flowing out after the flower has been squeezed, commonly referred to as “the blood of St. John “.
Collection and preparation
It is commonly found on meadows and is being bloomed from June to September for therapeutic purposes, i. about 20 cm long peaks and leaves. In the preparation of “Jane” oil for outdoor use, we are a little bit tormented and put in the bottle only the individual yellow flowers (without wearing) in the fresh state, and the best olive or sunflower oil. After closing the bottle, leave for 2 weeks in a sunny place, respectively. In heat, occasionally shake, and after oil maceration, the oil is preceded (we push well from the flowers) into dark bottles. This red colored oil should not be missed in any canine or human medicine cabinet. Stored in a dark place (not in the refrigerator), to extend the shelf life we can add to the oil even printed content capsules Vitamin E. The tincture for indoor use is prepared from the flowers as well, but the solvent is 40% alcohol.
Flavonoids (12%, highest content among 223 tested species), red dye hypericin, tannins, coumarins, phytosterols, essential oils, carotenoids, vitamin C, organic acids, amino acids.
Psychomodulatory – Although its use in humans is currently extremely popular in the treatment of mild depression, its use in dogs in the treatment of various behavioral disorders is also recommended. Its relaxation effects allow him to apply for the elimination of anxiety, mental stress during various events (from the loneliness at home, storms, fireworks, a visit to the vet, travel).
It also serves well in the case of aggressive behavior, loss of coat of psychic origin, sleeplessness, but vice versa, all-day sleep and inactivity, not to leave the environment. In addition, its analgesic effects can be used to relieve pain in intervertebral plaque disorders or muscle pain. A longer-term application (4-6 weeks) is needed to achieve the results. Although the precise anti-depressant effect of the plant is not always closed, it is believed to increase serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine levels – neurotrasmiters that provide mood and emotional stability.
Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant – “is the best herb for wounds” – said the English herbalist 17. Century Nicholas Culpeper. His (I would call it) miraculous effects in wound healing have also been tested in the atheroma (fat rod) located on the head of a dog that disappeared within 2 days. It is advisable to have a lush oil at hand and avoid unnecessary surgery if possible. Its external application includes burns, mechanical wounds, bruises, skin ulcers and inflammations, insect digestive sites, cracked skin on paw pads, but also muscle aches or pains. Its healing properties, due to its high tannin content (around 10%), are combined with anti-bacterially acting hypericin and hyperforin and therefore allow the oil to be used in the case of infected bearings.
Studies with lymphoid ointment showed 3 times faster healing of the bumps 2. and grade 3 compared to conventional treatment (in addition, without the formation of keloid – scar tissue) and healing of burns 1. Grade already in 48 hours!
Internally tea (1 teaspoon per cup, 15 min. infuse) 1- 2 x daily for 2-4 weeks or tincture (see general dosing 4/2011, i.e., approx. 5 drops/10 kg of dog weight). For outdoor application, use linguine oil twice a day.
To reduce alcohol content when administering the tincture, a small amount of boiling water can be added to the prepared dose of the tincture and leave to cool, most of the alcohol is evaporated.
Caution: for High (non-therapeutic) doses and long-term internal administration, it may cause photosensitivity (better to limit sun exposure during treatment in the summer months), do not administer dogs using antidepressants, diabetes, Lactating females, may reduce the effect of concomitant drug Administration.
Author: MVDr. Viola Strompfová
Source: Magazine Náš pes