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Oh, those ticks and fleas!

Ticks

For almost a month, we have the weather, which attracts us more and more to venture longer walks into nature with our štvornohými pets. Our doggy (and, therefore, not only on, but also we), but from such walks can easily bring an unwanted gift. Tick. Many people still think that they “fall” out of the trees. It should be pointed out that ticks are actually found much lower – in the grass and on the ground, where they “wait” for their host.

It is a mite size of several millimeters, which feeds cicaním blood. The female puts eggs in the soil (the number varies according to the species from 500-20 000), from which the larvae are hatched (which are šesťnohé). These will change to NYMFU after inside blood (the latter is already osemnohá), and that, after the second inside of blood, it is changed to Imago, i.e. an adult individual.

The tick has on the head of the stinging body with many reversing scallops, which allows him a very firm suction. The tick in the wound excludes saliva containing substances against blood clotting as well as substances that Znecitlivia the injection site. And just saliva tick may contain the originator of the disease. Even for this fact it is important that the tick is selected as soon as possible.

What diseases can a tick pass not only on our doggy?

Tick viral Encephalitída – Fortunately, we do not belong to high-incidence diseases, but this is a clinically serious disease. Care should be taken especially in cattle, ovcí and goats that clinically neochorejú, but the virus is transferred to milk, and if it is not cooked, it is a threat of real disease. In dogs it is a disability of the central nervous system.

Lyme and Lyme -Febrile illness induced by the so-called Spirochetami. The disease also transmit larvae and nymphs tick. In dogs, most commonly we encounter symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders – especially the joint involvement. Limp attacks are repeated. The affected can be articulated casings, tendons and muscles. Doggy is overall dejected, reluctantly moving, possibly rejecting even eat. Unlike people for whom there is no vaccine, your doggy can give you a vaccinate.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog (even if you have not found a tick on it), contact your veterinary surgeon.

Babesiosis – In some literature you can also find it under the name Piroplazmóza. Disease occurring until recently only in southern Europe is also due to the “dovolenkujúcim” Slovak doggy, for example in Croatia, increasingly seen in us. The incidence of babesiosis increases with a geometrical series. Babézie are blood parasites invading red blood cells (erythrocytes) and causing their decay with subsequent attacks of other red blood cells.

The rate of onset of symptoms differs from mild lethargy to complete reluctance to move, potácavú walking, incidence of jaundice, urine coloured into the brown (for the presence of red blood dye haemoglobin, which is released after the breakdown of the red blood cells infested Babéziami). Babesiosis is not transferable to humans. If left untreated, a dog mortality may occur.

Even here, prevention is better than treatment. As prevention serves either antiparasitic spray-e, collars and so-called. Spot-on tubes with fluid that is printed by a dog on the skin (not on the coat).

Fleas

Fleas belong together with ticks among the most commonly occurring external parasites of dogs. Adult Fleas Cicajú The blood of their host several times a day.

For many people there is a odpudivá notion that their dog has fleas. But fleas, except that they are “unaesthetic”, can also be dangerous. They can cause an unpleasant allergic reaction to flea bite, while carrying the larvae of tapeworm canine and roundworms.

Therefore , if you deprived fleas, be sure to get rid of the worms for sure. When a massive overgrowth can cause anemia and restlessness of the animal. It should also be thought that fleas spend time not only in the dog fur coat, but also outside. Therefore, let’s not forget to clean the places where the doggy resides.

Did you know?

Simply, if you find in the fur of a dog grain similar to the poppy and you already know that your doggy visited the unwanted guest in the form of fleas.