Skin problems – Nightmare of pet owners
Skin diseases belong to one of the most common reasons of visiting a vet.
These are health problems that the animal owner can very soon notice to the naked eye.
Nevertheless, they belong to diseases with which the owners come to a professional examination rather late because the first symptoms ignore them or try to deal with them yourself. The truth remains that early treatment based on rigorous examination can also facilitate the progression of the disease.
A bit of professional terms does not hurt any pet owner
The animal coat is composed of many millions of hairs that grow up from a layer of skin called „epidermis“. Hair grows in clumps of deeply stored papillae known as follicles, their storage depth varies depending on the size of hair and location on the body.
Hair is mostly composed of proteins of keratin type and very small amounts of minerals. Nutrition professionals may examine the concentration of these minerals to show the status of trace elements in a particular species. Dogs use about 25% of their daily protein intake just to grow hair.
function of skin and fur
Skin and her hair are a complex system. Has the following features:
What can worsen the fitness of your dog's hair?
Dogs pay especially for changes that are associated with annual seasons. As soon as days begin to increase and increase outside temperatures. Dogs kept at home usually have distinct periods of molting and can pĺznuť throughout the year.
Skin and hair health can be disturbed for a number of reasons
- Infectious diseases of bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic origin.
- physical or chemical trauma; Hormonal and metabolic disorders.
- Inappropriate diet.
- Hygiene of the environment.
- Parasites both indoor and outdoor.
- Hereditary aspects.
- Other internal diseases.
- Adverse effects of other medicinal products.
- Treatment of another disease (chemotherapy).
- Iodine deficiency, zinc.
- Large protein and calcium content in the diet.
- Deficiency of vitamin A, D, biotin.
Typical initial signs of skin and fur disorders
Liver problems are most curable. However, it depends on how early you will notice their symptoms, what the disease is, at what stage of the damage the liver is. However, if the disease goes to a higher stage, it may be not very painful, but can also be difficult to manage. May end with animal mortality or the need for lifelong use of medicinal products.
- Making dandruff and scraping.
- Dry coat without shine.
- Hair loss.
- Inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).
The first thing you should do is control the feed that you administer the animal. Its balance, the correct ratio of vitamins, minerals, nutritional values and their suitability for the age and size of the animal.
Skin Problem Dog
Zinc is very important for the optimal condition of the skin and fur of the dog. The secondary zinc deficiency stems mostly from the administration of high-calcium feeding that competes with zinc at the points of its absorption, or zinc may not be biologically available. The symptoms of zinc deficiency are hair loss, thickening of the skin (Parakeratóza) and loss of hair pigmentation (achromotrichie).
Certain breeds may be more sensitive to zinc deficiency. For example, Siberian Husky and Alaskan Malamute have a predisposition to Dermatóze, which is a reaction to the amount of zinc in the diet. Another syndrome appears in the puppies of various breeds, especially huge. The skin is red, creating scabs on the head, calf and limbs. These symptoms often occur in dogs who have had a long-term excessive amount of calcium in the diet or high protein feeding of plant origin. The need for zinc in the dog is relatively small, but its quantity is to be guarded. Very high doses of zinc are toxic.
Lack of biotin
The most common vitamin deficiency in dogs are probably vitamin A deficiency and biotin. Vitamin A deficiency is usually caused by with skimmed feeding, often based on lean meat or meat of poor quality, poorly stored dry commercially produced fodder, or some diseases.
The lack of biotin can have many reasons. For example, the use of antibiotics, a high protein content in the diet. The biotin deficiency can cause rough, unshiny hair, hair loss, scaly seborrhoickú skin, inflammation, blisters and ulcers on the skin.
Omega-3-unsaturated fatty acids
Unsaturated fatty acids affect skin function in several ways. Their lack causes disorders of barrier function, dry, atopic skin, inflammation, hair loss.
Omega 3 fatty acids are important for all mammals. They act as anti-inflammatory, improve the oxygenation of the brain (especially in old animals) and increase the stamina of dogs in sporting activities,
In concentrated form are found in fish oil (quality and concentration is dependent on the type of fish) and in algae.
Do you know what is EPA and DHA?
It is an omega 3 fatty acid with a very long chain, eikozapentaénovú acid and dokozahexaénovú acid.
They are known to their:
- Anti-inflammatory effects.
- Protects heart and kidney function.
- Lower the risk of tumour formation.
- Positive to the nervous system of the pups.
Skin Problem Cat
When to visit a vet?
The main principle is timeliness! This will prevent the disease from spreading and possibly infecting other animals and, in some cases, people.
A skin disease may be the first indicator of another serious disease.
Early visits to the veterinarian may shorten the treatment time and reduce the costs of treatment.
Do you know what's best?
In this case, unequivocally prevention!
- Ensure that the diet is properly formulated.
- Regularly detoxikujte.
- Reasonably treat proteins, calcium.
- In case of other ailments and treatments, enrich the diet with the necessary EPA, DHA, Omega 3 fatty acids and the necessary vitamins.
- Do not underestimate the first signs of health problems.
For animals only – dogs and cats. Keep out of the reach of children and other animals.
It is not the prescription of the veterinary surgeon.
We recommend all symptoms, treatment and prevention of normal searching liver to consult a veterinarian.
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